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Article: Professional office lighting: What lighting for professional offices?

L'éclairage de bureaux professionnels : Quels éclairages pour des bureaux professionnels ?

Professional office lighting: What lighting for professional offices?


Lighting plays a crucial role in creating a working environment that is both productive and comfortable. The quality of lighting in professional offices can significantly influence employee well-being, productivity and even health. This article explores the importance of choosing suitable lighting for professional offices, covering the different types of lighting, selection criteria, and the impact of lighting on productivity.

The fundamentals of office lighting

When designing workspaces, lighting plays a crucial role in influencing both the well-being and productivity of employees. It is essential to choose the right type of lighting for each space and activity. Here are concrete examples of direct and indirect lighting that can be used in professional offices.

Direct lighting

LED Tracks : Perfect for workspaces where focused light is needed, LED tracks offer a flexible and modular solution. They can be angled to directly illuminate work areas, such as desks or meeting tables, providing precise, focused light.

Spots : Installed on the ceiling or on rails, spots are ideal for specifically illuminating an area or object. Their direction can be adjusted to focus light on documents, computer screens, or anything else requiring special attention.

Table lamps : These lamps are perfect for individual offices. Placed on the desk, they provide targeted lighting, ideal for reading documents or performing specific tasks. They also add a personal touch to the workspace.

Indirect lighting

LED strip : Often used to create a soft and diffused atmosphere, LED strips can be installed behind screens, under shelves, or along plinths. They emit soft light without dazzling, contributing to a more relaxed working environment.

Wall lights : They diffuse light evenly along the walls, creating a soft, enveloping light. Wall lights are perfect for reducing strong contrasts between illuminated and shadowed areas, promoting a visually comfortable environment.

Diffusing ceiling lights : These lights, installed on the ceiling, diffuse soft and homogeneous light over large areas. They are effective in illuminating spaces without creating strong shadows or straining the eyes, making them an ideal option for collaboration spaces or high-traffic areas.

Each type of lighting has its own function and utility in the office environment. By judiciously combining direct and indirect lighting, it is possible to create a workspace that is functional, comfortable and aesthetically pleasing.

Choice of lighting for professional offices

When selecting lighting for professional offices, it is crucial to take into account several criteria to ensure both energy efficiency and optimal visual comfort. Here is an in-depth exploration of these aspects.

Energetic efficiency

LED technology : Opting for LED lighting fixtures is one of the best ways to ensure maximum energy efficiency. LEDs consume significantly less energy than traditional lighting solutions such as incandescent lamps or fluorescent tubes, and their lifespan is also much longer. This not only reduces energy consumption but also costs and frequency of replacements.

Certifications and Labels : Look for products with recognized certifications or labels for energy efficiency, such as Energy Star or European CE certification. These labels guarantee that products meet certain efficiency and energy consumption standards.

Dimmability : The ability to adjust lighting intensity as needed can contribute to better energy management. The use of dimmers not only allows lighting to be adapted to specific activities but also reduces energy consumption during low usage hours.

Ergonomics and visual comfort

Color temperature : Color temperature, measured in kelvins (K), affects the perception of light and can influence the ambiance of a workspace as well as the well-being of employees. Warm color temperatures (around 3000K) create a welcoming and relaxed atmosphere, while cooler temperatures (5000K and above) are stimulating and improve concentration. Selecting the right color temperature based on the space and its use is crucial.

Color rendering index (CRI) : The CRI measures the ability of a light source to faithfully reproduce colors compared to a natural light source. A high CRI (above 80) is preferred in offices to ensure accurate color perception and reduce eye fatigue.

Glare Prevention : To avoid visual fatigue and discomfort, it is important to choose lighting solutions that minimize glare. This includes using diffusers on light fixtures, strategically planning their placement to avoid glare on computer screens, and choosing lights with good glare control.

Flexibility : Lighting must be adaptable to meet the various tasks performed in an office. This often involves a mix of general, task, and accent lighting, as well as the ability to adjust lighting based on changes in space usage or personal preferences.

Impact of lighting on productivity

Studies show a direct link between lighting quality and employee productivity. Adequate lighting can reduce fatigue, improve morale and increase the ability to concentrate.

Legal aspects and standards

Complying with workplace lighting standards is not only a matter of regulatory compliance but also a necessity to ensure the safety and well-being of employees. Lighting standards define the minimum requirements to be met in terms of lighting levels, light quality, and lighting distribution for different types of working environments. Here is an overview of the legal aspects and standards applicable to professional office lighting.

International and national standards ISO 8995/CIE S 008 : This international standard, developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in collaboration with the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE), provides guidelines on lighting levels recommended for indoor environments, including offices. It covers different aspects such as recommended illuminance levels, uniformity, glare, and light quality.

National Standards : Each country may have its own standards and regulations regarding workplace lighting. In France, for example, the NF EN 12464-1 standard specifies lighting requirements for indoor workplaces, including offices. These standards are often based on or complementary to international guidelines, but may include specific requirements tailored to local needs and regulations.

Compliance and inspection

Certificate of conformity : Companies must ensure that their lighting systems comply with current standards. This may involve obtaining certificates of conformity for the lighting products used or carrying out lighting audits by certified professionals.

Regular inspections : It is recommended to carry out regular inspections of lighting installations to ensure that they remain compliant with current standards and regulations. These inspections can help identify deficiencies, potential safety risks, or opportunities to improve energy efficiency.

Importance of Compliance

Compliance with lighting standards not only ensures compliance with legal obligations but also helps create a healthier and safer working environment for employees. Adequate lighting reduces the risk of visual fatigue, headaches, and accidents linked to insufficient visibility. Additionally, it can play a role in improving productivity and reducing energy costs.

Future trends in office lighting

Technological innovations and sustainable lighting are at the heart of current concerns, with particular attention paid to environmental impact and the creation of eco-friendly workspaces.


Lighting in professional offices deserves special attention to create an optimal working environment. By choosing lighting solutions wisely, it is possible to promote productivity, well-being and sustainability.

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